All companies are faced with a large number of external developments and trends. These include both technology-driven ones (e.g. e-commerce, e-procurement, home delivery etc.), and ones which focus on enhanced collaboration and integration within the logistical chain (e.g. supply chain integration, multi-modality and reverse logistics).
There are four clear areas of challenge for logistics companies today which will carry through to the foreseeable future. They will lead to an ineffective and inefficient use of transport modes within companies, unless addressed.
The first is the continuous rise in costs, in particular for transport activities [Note that although the use of mega-ships will reduce the unit costs of sea transport, these savings will generally still be less that other increases in transport costs.
The second relates to extra costs in company supply chains, because mega-ships slow down company supply chains, thereby adding cost.
The third is the effect of external environmental factors on the company, where energy use and CO2 emissions are threatening its sustainability.
The fourth concerns the quality and quantity of relevant staff.
These challenges not only affect the sector’s contribution to Europe’s society, but also limit the ability of stakeholders to respond to their customer requirements.